Got Skin Issues? Get Screened
Skin cancer is a result of the skin getting old and losing its capacity to govern the rate at which skin cells get replaced. The skin is actually the largest organ in the human body and covers the entire body. Constant exposure to the sun can lead to skin cancer, and that is why it is prevalent in people who are constantly exposed to the sun, like sportsmen and others who are required to always be outdoors.
Regularly Check Your Skin
The most serious form of skin cancer is melanoma and this can be fatal. Skin cancer can be prevented or controlled if you go in for regular skin screening, especially after you have crossed the age of fifty. It is a fact that most people spend some time before the mirror, every day, and if you have the tendency for your skin to discolor, show dark spots and moles, you will do well to carefully inspect your skin for any signs of skin problems.
See a Dermatologist for Screening
A dermatologist is one who specializes in skin diseases and is the right person to go for skin cancer screening. You must go to this specialist if you find that moles are changing in size and color. This doctor will screen all affected parts of the body, and will, in fact, examine all parts of the body to detect any anomalies that point to the likelihood of skin problems. This will include the scalp.
If the doctor has any doubts he will conduct a biopsy and send a sample of the affected part for a laboratory checkup. The biopsy is conducted with a local anesthetic injected into the affected area of the skin, and a biopsy needle, a hollow pipe, used to extract a sample of the skin. A pathologist examines the skin under a microscope to determine whether there is a presence of cancer cells.
When a biopsy indicates the presence of a malignancy the dermatologist may recommend procedures to excise the cancerous parts. Cosmetologists will operate on the face or other sensitive parts of the body, to remove cancer cells and do plastic surgery to remodel the skin.
Small lesions or moles that are cancerous can also be removed by cryosurgery and this method is fairly effective. Cryosurgery involves the use of nitrogen liquid that is sprayed onto cancer-affected areas. This procedure literally gives the skin a cold burn, and the cells are burnt and absorbed by the body. Scabs can form, but these will fall off after a few days, leaving the skin bright and clear.
Melanomas that are detected early have survival rates that are almost a hundred percent and may not recur for at least five years. The patient has to take care to use sunscreen and take other means to avoid direct exposure to the sun.
Once any such problems are detected, it is advisable that you go in for regular skin screening at least once a year. Keep an eye on your skin and do contact the dermatologist if you have any doubts or notice some aberrations.